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Wayne's Word has resided at Palomar College for the past 22 years. Since Palomar no longer supports static html web pages, and since moving this large website to Word Press is too labor intensive for me, I have decided to find a new home for Wayne's Word. Since I already had a small website at Network Solutions, I uploaded all of my files to the latter server. Hopefully, all the html & image files were transferred correctly and most of the internal links still work.
  New URL As Of 22 November 2022:  
Images copyright © and protected by encrypted watermarks
& archival original 35 mm transparencies.
Palomar College Arboretum
Wayne's Word Calendars
 Fig Symbiosis Links 
Evolution & Origins
 Chemistry Of Life 
Amazing Plants
                                     Botany & Biology: Incl. Ecology, Adaptations & Economic Uses of Plants
    Index Of Cameras Used On Wayne's Word Website       Macro Image Techniques By W.P. Armstrong    
Wayne's Word has evolved into a very diverse biological/botanical website. It is a monumental task updating all the information and species identifications. Consequently, I have relied heavily on experts in specialized fields for their generous help. Special thanks to all of those who have peer-reviewd my material and offered suggestions.
  W.P. Armstrong Peer Review & Correspondance  
  Search Kew Plants Of The World Online  
Unfortunately My On-Line Courses Plants & People (Botany 115)
& General Biology Lecture (Biology 101) Are No Longer Offered
Because The On-Line Testing Program Is No Longer Supported

Special Noteworthy Academic Links On The Wayne's Word Website
 Ant Genera Index      Brodiaea Index      Evolution & Origins      Wildfires      California Flora      Fig 
 Cryptobiotic Crust      Extremophiles      Botanical Records      Ancient Plants      Stinking Flowers 
 Play Mancala 
Black Search Tab At Top Right Of All Pages Goes To Wayne's Word Pages
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  How To Cite Wayne's Word Articles In Your Research Papers
  How To Print Pages Without Cropping Words On Right Margin
  Southern California Wildflowers Photographed With Kodachrome
  Sample Of Plant & Animal Images Used In Wayne's Word Articles

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Publication Updates For Wayne's Word & Lemnaceae On-line:
All of the articles are authored by Wayne P. Armstrong
  Last Update By WPA on 1 January 2022 (Day 7671 of the 3rd Millennium)
     [3rd Millennium & 21st Century Actually Began On January 1, 2001]
  See Calendars With Day Of 3rd Millennium On 1st Day Of Each Month    
    Click Red Counter Box To See Number Of Hits For This Site:    

Wolffia: Wayne's Word Undisputed Favorite Flowering Plant Genus
  3 Minute Wolffia Species: World's Smallest Flowering Plants:  
  Go Directly To Wolffia: The World's Smallest Flowering Plants  
A Record-Breaking Mite At Walnut Grove Park In
Twin Oaks Valley, City Of San Marcos, California
  The Mite Paratarsotomus macropalpis: World's Fastest Land Animal  
  What Is The Fastest Moving Body Appendage Of Any Animal?  
As of November 2021, Wayne's Word occupied 10 folders and contained approximately 1700 html
files and 14,000 images. The entire website fits on a 4 GB SD card with almost 2 GBs of free space!

The WAYNE'S WORD® Copyright Policy

See R.I.G.H.T.S. Summary of Copyright Rules

All photo images & illustrations are copyright protected by encrypted watermarks and/or archival original 35 mm color transparencies plus cloud based digital storage. The name Wayne's Word is registered with the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office.

Wayne's Word page widths are set at 75% or 85% which leaves a vacant space in the left and right margins of large, high resolution monitors; however, the text fits perfectly (without horizontal scrolling) with classroom data (LCD) projectors at Palomar College and laptop computers set at 1024 x 768 resolution. My latest web pages have text and large images (910 pixels wide) without double and triple columns. They were all created in html code with Java-based, multi-platform Arachnophilia. My page width dimensions project very well in large lecture rooms and auditoriums. That is why I originally set it this way. In a presentation for the Southern California Horticultural Society hosted by the Huntington Botanical Garden my Wayne's Word pages (The Sex Life Of Figs) projected perfectly on a large screen in an auditorium. Although my images are 72 dpi jpegs, their large size (910 pixels wide) look very good even when magnified. The display size on your monitor can easily be changed with following key strokes: PCs Type Control + and MACs Type Command (⌘) +

I have received hundreds of requests from various organizations, agencies and individuals to use photos and information from Wayne's Word on their web sites and in published newsletters, compact discs, books, etc. All of the articles and 99.9% of all the photos and illustrations in Wayne's Word are copyright protected and may not be used in other on-line, CD or printed publications without our expressed written permission. This includes the display of our images and illustrations in their original form, or electronically altered form, on other websites. For anyone interested in this material, you may place hyperlinks (but no frames) to anchor tags on Wayne's Word pages from your websites. Please refer to waynesword.net for information on high resolution .tif images available for publications.


I have received a number of suggestions & friendly criticisms about my excessive use of tables and antiquated html code. All of my pages were coded by hand using the html text editor Arachnophilia. I must say that I am more concerned with content than fancy web pages. By content I am referring to clear, crisp photo images and accurate, well-researched, peer reviewed text. Of course, I want my pages to be very readable on various devices. I am also very appreciative of corrective feedback on my pages. Wayne's Word contains a large range of complex biological topics that I have tried to simplify and yet maintain accuracy. It is imperative to make certain errors are not perpetuated on the Internet. One case in point is the "coconut pearl," a so-called rare "gem" that has appeared in many references and even scholarly textbooks for decades. In 2005 I exposed this as a fraud. Authority on Malaysian flora, Dr. J.F. Veldkamp of the National Herbarium, the Netherlands, came to the same conclusion in 2008. Please refer to following link.

Authenticity Of Coconut Pearl Uncovered 
  Wayne's Peer Review & Correspondence  
Wayne's Word Page View Data & Awards
Wayne's Word Community Lectures
See Wayne's Word On Wikipedia

In a diverse natural history website like Wayne's Word, it is imperative to make the topics interesting, scientifically accurate and well-researched. As stated above, for complex subjects, peer review from experts in their field is also valuable. Oversimplification can sometimes lead to errors, especially when the explanation has numerous exceptions. A good example is the interrelationship between figs (Ficus) and their symbiotic pollinator wasps. With over 800 species of figs, each with one or more symbiotic wasp species, there are substantial variations in the actual pollination mechanisms depending on the species. See Wayne's Word page on Fig Pollination.

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Due To The Overwhelming Number Of Messages & Spam Sent To Wayne's Word,
and With A Minimal Staff Of Only One Human, Replies May Not Be Forthcoming.

Editor............... MR. WOLFFIA      

llustrator..... Elaine Armstrong

   Peer Review & Correspondence

   Wayne Armstrong's Life Science Page

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     Archived Wayne's Word Pages At Archive.Com Dating Back To December 2009
 Page Views & Awards     Bibliography     Biography     See Wayne On Wikipedia     Travel   
Images on this page: Poison dart frog (Dendrobates pumilio), ten-lined june beetle (Polyphylla decemlineata), blue morpho butterfly (Morpho menelaus), the western sheepmoth (Hemileuca eglanterina), & jumping spider (Phidippus johnsoni). The ant is Myrmecocystus mexicanus from Holbrook, Arizona, although it is very similar to M. navajo.